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Rajasthan wildlife sanctuary

By Brij
National Parks & Wildlife-Sanctuary of Rajasthan

Rajasthan is a haven for a wide spectrum of wildlife. The topography of Rajasthan ranges from the barren desert, scrub-thorn arid forests, rocks and ravines to wetlands and lush, green forests. And each of these areas houses a large variety of animal and bird life. Some of them rare while some endangered.

Rajasthan is the home of the tigers, black bucks, chinkara, the rare desert fox, the endangered caracal, the great Indian bustard, gavial, monitor lizard, wild boars, porcupine. Migratory birds like the common crane, ducks, coots, pelicans and the rare Siberian cranes, imperial sand grouse, falcons, buzzards flocks to this state during the winter months. Typical areas representing each of the ecosystems have been earmarked as special areas wildlife. Rajasthan boasts of two National Parks, over a dozen Sanctuaries and two Closed Areas. Most of these areas are open to visitors round the year but are closed briefly during the monsoon.

Bhensrod Garh Sanctuary
A fairly new sanctuary, it was established in 1983 and covers a total area of 229 sq km of scrub and dry deciduous forest. Leopards, chinkara, sloth bear can be spotted here if one is lucky. The best time to visit is between October and May.

Darrah Sanctuary
Previously the hunting ground of the Kota maharajas, this sanctuary was established in 1955 and covers an area of 266 sq km. This hilly sanctuary with its thick forests is worth a visit. The animals here include wolf, sloth bear, chinkara and leopard. The best time to visit is between February and May.

Desert National Sanctuary
Established in 1980, it is colossal park sprawling on 3162 sq km. It has shrubs and trees in addition to rolling sand dunes. The wildlife wealth here comprises fox, desert cat, hare, spinney tail uromastix and sand fish. Thousands of sparrows, imperial sand grouse, bustards, falcons and eagles migrate here during the winter. Best time to visit is September to March.

Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary
The lake and forested hills of this reserve, 32 km from Bikaner on the Jaisalmer road, are inhabited by wildfowl, hares , wild boar, desert foxes and a number of deer and antelopes including black bucks and blue bulls. The lake at Gajner attracts water birds in thousands. Imperial sand house migrate here in winter. Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary, houses the former Hunting lodge of Bikaner and has a beautiful lake surrounded by a dense forest.

Jaisamand Sanctuary
Established in 1957,this sanctuary is located beside the man-made lake of the same name. Covering a total area of 160 sq km, it harbours sloth bear, leopard, chital, chinkara, wild boar and a number of birds. Some crocodiles and fish can also be spotted here. Best time to visit is between November and January.

Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Bharatpur
Declared a National Park in 1983, this 29 sq km park is one of the world’s greatest heronries. Its shallow, fresh water marsh attracts thousands of migratory birds. Over 10,000 nests of egrets, darters, cormorants, grey herons and storks hatch nearly 20,000 to 30,000 chicks every year. There is an infinite variety of migratory birds. Mammals like the sambhar, black buck, chital, nilgai, fishing cat, otter and mongoose also roam freely here. Best time to visit is August to February.

Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary
The majestic fort of Kumbhalgarh overlooks the 578 sq km sanctuary. The Aravalis hills, which remain barren for most of the year, turn green rains and provide shelter to sloth bear, leopard, flying squirrel. It is also the only sanctuary where the Indian wolf is breeding successfully. Best time to visit is March to May and September to November.

Mount Abu Sanctuary
The highest point of Aravalis, the Guru Shikhar, lies in this 289 sq km sanctuary. Established in 1960, this provides shelter to the common langaur, wild boar, sambhar and leopard.. The grey jungle fowl can also be spotted here. Besides, a number of flowering threes enhance the beauty of this place.

Ranthambore National Park
This is the state’s most well-known tiger reserve under Project Tiger. Home of an expansive variety of other animals in is 392 sq km area, one can spot sambhar, cheetal, wild boar, leopard, sloth bear, jackal, hyena among others. Artificial lakes, dense forests and the shield of the Aravalis have helped to make this park very impressive and interesting. Best time to visit is October to April.

Sariska Tiger Reserve
The other tiger land in Rajasthan which was brought under Project Tiger in 1979. Other than leopard, sambhar, nilgai, wild dog, and chinkara, the ruins of 9th and 10th century temples exist here. Best time to visit is November to June.

National parks& Wildlife-Sanctuary of Rajasthan
Rajasthan Wildlife History-with its legacy of precious monuments-is not the only attraction in Rajasthan, awe inspiring though it may be! This unique state also offers some of the most unusual wildlife sanctuaries in the country, where the roar of jungle animals merges with the whisperings of time. Imagine a tiger stretching land-gloriously beneath a perfectly arched Rajasthani cupola-an unforgettable sight you can never see anywhere else in the world. But you can see it in Ranthambore, one of the premier tiger reserves in India. Ready for the rare sight of illusive Siberian Cranes and hundreds of other elusive faunal species in Rajasthan.

Major attractions in Rajasthan:

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
Introduction
Bharatpur Bird SanctuarySo great is the pull of the Keoladeo Ghana Bird Sanctuary, Bharatpur, that people spare not a thought for the state that gave birth to it. This superb waterfowl habitat, one of the finest in the world, was actually created by a maharaja.

This national park takes its name from the god Keoladeo, an aspect of Lord Shiva, enshrined in a small temple within the park. Ghana means dense and refers to the thick forest, which used to cover the area. Stretching over no more than 129 square km, which isn't much for a national park, the Keoladeo Ghana National Park is home to an astonishing range of flora.

Ranthambore National Park
Introduction
A journey into the Ranthambore (also known as Ranthambore) Sanctuary is an elating experience especially if you are lucky enough to sight the Big Cat. The greatest pulling factor about Ranthambore is the Tiger. The big cat is totally nonchalant about staring humans and there have been enough wildlife movies shot in the place to advertise the fact. But tigers have their moments of privacy and these seem to outweigh those moments when they don’t mind being watched. Ranthambore was among one of the very first sanctuaries to come under the aegis of Project Tiger and from a few dozens the number of tigers have increased to a little over a hundred. Now a national park, it has an area of over 400 square kilometers. Most of the big cats are so secure and protected that they can be seen hunting during the day particularly around the two lakes.

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